Medical waste is any waste generated as a result of the work of medical institutions or medical and preventive measures.

According to paragraph 2 of Article 2 of the Federal Law No. 89-FZ of 24.06.1998 (as amended on 31.12.2017) "On Production and Consumption Waste" (with amendments and additions, intro. effective from 01.01.2018) relations in the field of medical waste management are regulated by the relevant legislation of the Russian Federation.

Medical waste is divided into classes according to the degree of danger: "A", "B", "C", "D", "D".

  • Class " A " — epidemiologically safe waste, close in composition to solid household waste.
  • Class " B " — epidemiologically hazardous waste.
  • Class "B"is an extremely epidemiologically hazardous waste.
  • Class " G " — toxicological hazardous waste, close in composition to industrial.
  • Class " D — - radioactive waste.

Medical waste is subject to collection, use, neutralization, placement, storage, transportation, accounting and disposal in accordance with the procedure established by legislation in the field of ensuring the sanitary and epidemiological well-being of the population.
And here the main problem begins. Waste "B", "C", and "D" really have their own specifics, should be disposed of and disposed of according to the requirements of epidemiological and radiation legislation.

But the waste of class " A " and " G " actually represents waste that coincides with the waste of production and consumption and is provided for by the Federal Classification Catalog of Waste.

Usually, medical waste includes all types of waste, including anatomical, pathologic-anatomical, biochemical, microbiological and physiological, formed in the process of carrying out medical activities and pharmaceutical activities, activities for the production of medicines and medical products.

Today, the responsibility for incorrect waste management (storage, transportation, disposal, etc.) is constantly growing. Legislation in different countries provides for various penalties, both for organizations and for individuals, which are constantly being tightened.

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