Evolution or involution?

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With an increase in the standard of living, the level of motorization, industrialization, every year the volumes of municipal and industrial waste only increase, while the method of disposal remains unchanged – landfill disposal.

Waste is an acute environmental and economic problem in the world.

At the moment, the situation with landfills in megacities has reached a critical level. Landfills are overflowing and the need to create waste processing complexes is even more acute.

Currently, more than a dozen different technologies for processing carbon-containing waste have been successfully implemented in the world practice. The most widespread among them are thermal methods, which include:

  • Incineration at landfills
  • Low-temperature pyrolysis
  • Plasma waste recycling

This new technology of thermal destruction surpasses existing analogues in the quality of products obtained after processing, as well as in environmental parameters.

During the process of thermal destruction of the same mass of waste after gas separation, the volume of released harmful gases for subsequent processing is only 30-50 m3, which is 300 times less than the volume of flue gases after waste incineration.

As a result of thermal destruction, we obtain a high-calorie synthetic gas that can be used for the production of electric energy, thermal energy, synthetic liquid fuel, esters, alcohols, propane-butane fraction gas.

The ash residue obtained as a result of thermal destruction with a high content of metal oxides can be used in metallurgy, at asphalt concrete plants, as a sorbent and filler of plastics.

Thus, the method not only completely solves environmental problems, but is absolutely cost-effective.

The method may be of interest primarily to enterprises experiencing problems with the disposal of carbon-containing waste generated during production: Oil refineries (oil sludge), fly ash, woodworking, pulp and paper mills (lignin) livestock complexes and poultry farms, crop production.

The technology may also be of interest to responsible municipalities of megacities who want to improve the existing system for processing solid household waste, sludge sludge, waste oil, medical and biological waste, car tires, etc.

Main sources of waste

Animal waste, hog manure, chicken manure

10/06/2021

Animal waste, hog manure, chicken manure

Agricultural soil pollution is not limited to agrochemistry.

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Use of wood waste

10/06/2021

Use of wood waste

Many woodworking enterprises, after the completion…

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Wastes from pulp and paper mills

10/06/2021

Wastes from pulp and paper mills

The main problem of pulp and paper mills is the huge…

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Waste of rubber products

10/06/2021

Waste of rubber products

Electrical insulation, tires, hoses and seals, conveyor…

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Desechos domésticos sólidos

10/06/2021

Desechos domésticos sólidos

The composition of MSW differs in different countries…

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Waste oil disposal

10/06/2021

Waste oil disposal

These methods have their drawbacks. So, any cleaning…

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Las cenizas voladoras

10/06/2021

Las cenizas voladoras

It contains up to 6 % of the unburned substance and…

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Sludge sludge of wastewater treatment

10/06/2021

Sludge sludge of wastewater treatment

The resulting raw sediment and excess activated sludge,…

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RDF

10/06/2021

RDF

RDF fuel (refuse derived fuel, which literally means…

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Medical and biological waste

10/06/2021

Medical and biological waste

According to paragraph 2 of Article 2 of the Federal…

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The harm of food-grade plastic

03/12/2020

The harm of food-grade plastic

It is believed that plastics are safe, since they consist…

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Crop production waste and its impact on the environment.

10/06/2021

Crop production waste and its impact on the environment.

Agricultural production in Eastern and Central Europe…

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Processing of low-quality types of fossil fuels.

10/06/2021

Processing of low-quality types of fossil fuels.

In nature, there is a large amount of fossil fuels…

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