At the moment, the situation with landfills in megacities has reached a critical level. Landfills are overflowing and the need to create waste processing complexes is even more acute.
Currently, more than a dozen different technologies for processing carbon-containing waste have been successfully implemented in the world practice. The most widespread among them are thermal methods, which include:
During the process of thermal destruction of the same mass of waste after gas separation, the volume of released harmful gases for subsequent processing is only 30-50 m3, which is 300 times less than the volume of flue gases after waste incineration.
As a result of thermal destruction, we obtain a high-calorie synthetic gas that can be used for the production of electric energy, thermal energy, synthetic liquid fuel, esters, alcohols, propane-butane fraction gas.
The ash residue obtained as a result of thermal destruction with a high content of metal oxides can be used in metallurgy, at asphalt concrete plants, as a sorbent and filler of plastics.
The method may be of interest primarily to enterprises experiencing problems with the disposal of carbon-containing waste generated during production: Oil refineries (oil sludge), fly ash, woodworking, pulp and paper mills (lignin) livestock complexes and poultry farms, crop production.
Agricultural production in Eastern and Central Europe…More details
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